Literature - EC: L.N.1.1.3
Continuum of Activities
The list below represents a continuum of activities: resources categorized by Standard/Eligible Content that teachers may use to move students toward proficiency. Using LEA curriculum and available materials and resources, teachers can customize the activity statements/questions for classroom use.
This continuum of activities offers:
- Instructional activities designed to be integrated into planned lessons
- Questions/activities that grow in complexity
- Opportunities for differentiation for each student’s level of performance
- Recall the definitions of emotional appeals, logical appeals, narration, description, comparison, audience and tone as they apply to nonfiction writing.
- Identify the nonfiction techniques an author employs in nonfiction writing.
- Construct a graphic organizer that displays the nonfiction techniques used in a text, a quote that demonstrates that technique, and an explanation of what ideas are developed through that example.
- Note any patterns between what ideas are developed.
- Evaluate which idea is presented and/or argued the most effectively through a nonfiction technique.
- Draw a conclusion to explain why the author chose to use the nonfiction techniques for the specific subject matter and audience of the text.
- Students accurately define the terms of emotional appeals (pathos), logical appeals (logos), narration, description, comparison, audience and tone from a rhetorical/nonfiction standpoint.
- Students are able to accurately identify the use of these terms in a piece of nonfiction.
- Using a graphic organizer, students organize their investigation into which ideas are developed through nonfiction techniques. Students can accurately cite a line that displays a nonfiction technique and can then interpret that line (and the section from which it was drawn) as to how it develops an idea or concept within the text.
- Students pay attention to and note any patterns between what techniques are employed in a text. There may be a reliance on emotional appeals, metaphoric language, and narration, or conversely, a strictly logical argument with data, evidence and comparison.
- Students are able to choose which nonfiction technique is most effective in a text and can justify that choice.
- Students can formulate a conclusion as to why an author chose to present his or her ideas in the manner he or she did for the intended audience of the piece. For example, to generate sympathy with the audience, to persuade the audience to his or her viewpoint, to argue a specific point, etc.
Suggested Rubric: This rubric may be used to assess a student’s overall mastery of the standard or eligible content.