Lesson Plan

Tables, Charts, and Graphs


Grade Levels

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Big Ideas




Students will learn about various types of data displays, including tally charts, tables, pictographs, bar graphs, and line graphs. Students will:

  • display data in various data displays.
  • transfer data presented in one display to another display.
  • interpret data shown in various data displays.

Essential Questions

  • What does it mean to estimate or analyze numerical quantities?
  • What makes a tool and/or strategy appropriate for a given task?
  • How can data be organized and represented to provide insight into the relationship between quantities?
  • How does the type of data influence the choice of display?
  • How can probability and data analysis be used to make predictions?


  • Line Plot: A method of visually displaying a distribution of data values where each data value is shown as a dot or mark above a number line. Also known as a dot plot.
  • Pictograph: A way of representing statistical data using symbols to match the frequencies of different kinds of data.
  • Tally Chart: A way of representing statistical data using tallies to match the frequencies of different kinds of data.


60–90 minutes

Prerequisite Skills


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Related Materials & Resources

The possible inclusion of commercial websites below is not an implied endorsement of their products, which are not free, and are not required for this lesson plan.

  • Create a Bar Graph


  • Make Your Own Pictograph


  • Making Line Graphs



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