Lesson Plan

Planning and Drafting the Cause-and-Effect Essay


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Big Ideas




In this unit, students will build upon Lesson 1 knowledge to begin drafting a cause-and-effect essay. Students will:

  • analyze the thesis and supporting evidence in a sample cause-and-effect essay.
  • research information for a cause-and-effect essay.
  • understand the necessity of documenting research.
  • complete an outline for their own cause-and-effect essay.
  • understand the importance of transitions in writing an essay.
  • draft a cause-and-effect essay.

Essential Questions

  • Why do writers write? What is the purpose?
  • What makes clear and effective writing?
  • How do grammar and the conventions of language influence spoken and written communication?
  • How does one best present findings?


  • Author’s Purpose: The author’s intent either to inform or teach someone about something, to entertain people, or to persuade an audience to do or not do something.
  • Cause and Effect: Cause statements refer to actions and events that have consequences, and effects are the consequences or what happens as a result of the action or event.


90–150 minutes/2-3 class periods

Prerequisite Skills


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