#### Lesson Plan

## Anchoring Numbers to Five and Ten

### Alignments:

### Grade Levels

### Related Academic Standards

### Assessment Anchors

### Eligible Content

### Big Ideas

### Concepts

### Competencies

### Objectives

Students will gain greater understanding of how numbers are related and connected to one another. They will relate numbers to 5 and 10. Students will:

- count with understanding and recognize “how many” are in sets of objects.
- count, with and without objects, forward and backward to at least 20.
- recognize that a number can be used to represent how many objects are in a set or to represent the position of an object in a sequence.
- compose and decompose numbers up to 10 with objects and pictures.
- develop understanding of the relative position and magnitude of whole numbers and of ordinal and cardinal numbers and their connections.
- connect number words and numerals to the quantities they represent, using various physical models and representations.
- read, write, and represent whole numbers from 0 to at least 31. (Representations may include numerals, pictures, real objects and picture graphs, spoken words, and manipulatives such as connecting cubes.)
- compare quantities to 5 and 10.

### Essential Questions

- How do we know which number is larger (smaller)?
- What happens when I take a group of numbers (objects) apart or put them together?

### Vocabulary

**Greater Than:**A number/quantity is larger than another.**Less Than:**A number/quantity is smaller than another.

### Duration

90–120 minutes

### Prerequisite Skills

Prerequisite Skills hasn't been entered into the lesson plan.

### Materials

- one small paper bag per pair of students with ten bug-shaped counters or other counters in each
- ten-frame or five-frame for each pair of students (M-K-1-3_Ten-Frame.doc or M-K-1-3_Five-Frame.doc)
- one small dry-erase board, marker, and eraser (or paper and marker) for each pair
- additional counters for student use
- numeral cards 0 to 10 in a jar/baggie (M-K-1-3_Numeral Outline Cards.doc)
- copies of Checklist 1, one per student (M-K-1-3_Checklist 1.doc)
- ten-sided number cube
- mini-ten-frame card set for each student (M-K-1-3_Mini-Ten-Frame Cards.doc)
- hundreds charts for students (M-K-1-3_Hundreds Chart.doc)
- copies of Ten-Frame Assessment 1 (M-K-1-3_Ten-Frame Assessment 1.doc)

### Related Unit and Lesson Plans

### Related Materials & Resources

The possible inclusion of commercial websites below is not an implied endorsement of their products, which are not free, and are not required for this lesson plan.

- Backyard Bugs
^{TM}Set of 72 (useful for counting activities) can be purchased at http://www.learningresources.com/product/backyard+bugs--8482-+set+of+72.do?search=basic&keyword=bugs&sortby=best&asc=true&page=2

### Formative Assessment

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