Lesson Plan

Anchoring Numbers to Five and Ten


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Big Ideas




Students will gain greater understanding of how numbers are related and connected to one another. They will relate numbers to 5 and 10. Students will:

  • count with understanding and recognize “how many” are in sets of objects.
  • count, with and without objects, forward and backward to at least 20.
  • recognize that a number can be used to represent how many objects are in a set or to represent the position of an object in a sequence.
  • compose and decompose numbers up to 10 with objects and pictures.
  • develop understanding of the relative position and magnitude of whole numbers and of ordinal and cardinal numbers and their connections.
  • connect number words and numerals to the quantities they represent, using various physical models and representations.
  • read, write, and represent whole numbers from 0 to at least 31. (Representations may include numerals, pictures, real objects and picture graphs, spoken words, and manipulatives such as connecting cubes.)
  • compare quantities to 5 and 10.

Essential Questions

  • How do we know which number is larger (smaller)?
  • What happens when I take a group of numbers (objects) apart or put them together?


  • Greater Than: A number/quantity is larger than another.
  • Less Than: A number/quantity is smaller than another.


90–120 minutes

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