Lesson Plan

Analyzing Key Ideas and Details Through the Use of Facts and Opinions


Grade Levels

Related Academic Standards

Assessment Anchors

Eligible Content

Big Ideas




In this lesson, students will explore the use of facts and opinions in nonfiction texts. Students will:

  • distinguish between a fact and an opinion.
  • support differentiation between fact and opinion with text-based evidence.
  • identify why facts and opinions are used in nonfiction writing.

Essential Questions

  • How do strategic readers create meaning from informational and literary text?
  • What is this text really about?
  • How does interaction with text provoke thinking and response?


  • Nonfiction: Writing that is not fictional; designed to explain, argue, instruct, or describe rather than entertain.
  • Fact: Information that can be proved.
  • Opinion: A belief or conclusion that cannot be proved.


60–90 minutes/2–3 class periods

Prerequisite Skills


  • nonfiction books at students’ reading levels, which have easily identifiable facts and opinions, one per student. Some examples include the following:
    • Science Vocabulary Readers by Scholastic Inc.
    • Emergent Science Readers by Scholastic Inc.
    • World Discovery History Readers by Scholastic Inc.
    • The Usborne Internet-Linked Introduction to Weather & Climate Change by Kristeen Rogers. Usborne Publishing Ltd., 2003.
    • Butterfly and Moth (Eyewitness Books) by Paul Whalley. Dorling Kindersley Ltd., 2000.
    • A Picture Book of Anne Frank by David A. Adler. Holiday House Inc., 1994.
    • Rosa Parks (Rookie Biographies) by Wil Mara. Children’s Press, 2007.
      • Teachers may substitute other books to provide a range of reading and level of       text complexity. Alternative books should be nonfiction texts with easily           identifiable facts and opinions.
  • Fact and Opinion Cards (L-3-4-3_Fact and Opinion Cards.docx)
  • Stingray Passage (L-3-4-3 Stingray Passage.docx), one copy to read aloud to students
  • copies of Fact or Opinion worksheet (L-3-4-3_Fact or Opinion Worksheet.docx)
  • sticky notes
  • index cards (one per student) with fact written on one side and opinion written on the other side

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Formative Assessment


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Instructional Procedures


  • Current Rating





I feel that this lesson is an excellent way for students to learn how to distinguish between facts and opinions. It would be perfect to teach it during a unit on analyzing nonfiction text. The materials are easy to obtain and are kid friendly. The activities complement different learning styles and include opportunities for students to work in pairs or small groups. It also includes formal and informal assessments and an extension activity that is a perfect way for the students to demonstrate an understanding of the concepts they learned throughout the lesson. After teaching the lesson, students should have a strong understanding of facts and opinions.

Posted more than 90 days ago
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