Lesson Plan

Making Inferences by Analyzing Key Ideas and Details


Grade Levels

Related Academic Standards

Assessment Anchors

Eligible Content

Big Ideas




In this lesson, students will demonstrate understanding of text by making inferences when reading nonfiction. Students will:

  • become familiar with the components of an inference.
  • make inferences based on background knowledge and clues from the text.

Essential Questions

  • How do strategic readers create meaning from informational and literary text?
  • What is this text really about?
  • How does interaction with text provoke thinking and response?


  • Inference: A judgment based on reasoning rather than on direct statement in a text.


60–90 minutes/2–3 class periods

Prerequisite Skills


      Poetry that supports making inferences includes the following:

  • “Smart” from Where the Sidewalk Ends by Shel Silverstein. HarperCollins, 2004.
  • Teachers may substitute other books to provide a range of reading and level of text complexity. Alternative books should include narrative nonfiction texts that provide opportunities to make inferences.
  • Inferring Game activity sheet (L-3-4-2_Inferring Game and KEY.docx), one copy for each group of three or four students
  • student copies of Making Inferences Assessment (L-3-4-2_Making Inferences Assessment.docx)
  • student copies of Inferring Practice worksheet (L-3-4-2_Inferring Practice Worksheet.docx)

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Formative Assessment


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Instructional Procedures


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